Publications

Gold, E., Earnshaw, K., and Ross, S. (accepted) Within-speaker variation. In: Nolan, F., McDougall, K. and Hudson, T. eds, Oxford Handbook of Forensic Phonetics. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Gold, E., Kirchhubel, C., Earnshaw, K. and Ross, S. (2022) Regional Variation in British English Voice Quality. Englishes World-Wide, 43 (1), pp. 1-27.

Lennon, R., Plug, L., Gold, E. (2021) Articulation rates’ inter-correlations and discriminating powers in an English speech corpus. Speech Communication, 132, pp. 40-54.

Gold, E. (2020) WYRED: West Yorkshire Regional English Database. Babel: The Language Magazine, 32, pp. 25-28. ISSN 2051-7297

Gold, E. and French, P. (2019) Second International Survey of Forensic Speaker Comparison Practices. International Journal of Speech, Language and the Law, 26(1).

Gold, E. and McIntyre (2019) What the /fʌk/? An acoustic pragmatic-analysis of meaning in The Wire. In: S. Chapman and B. Clark, eds, Pragmatics and Literature. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.

Lennon, R., Plug, L., and Gold, E. (2019) A comparison of multiple speech tempo measures: inter-correlations and discriminating power. Proceedings of the 19th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences: Melbourne, Australia.

Earnshaw, K. and Gold, E. (2019) We Don’t Pronounce Our T’s Around Here’: Realisations of /t/ in West Yorkshire English. Proceedings of the 19th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences: Melbourne, Australia.

Ross, S., Earnshaw, K. and Gold, E. (2019) Variability in speech as the result of non-contemporaneous speech samples. Proceedings of the 19th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences: Melbourne, Australia.

Gold, E. (2018) Articulation Rate as a Speaker Discriminant in British English. Proceedings of Interspeech 2018 – 98thAnnual Conference of the International Speech Communication Association, September 2-6, Hyderabad, India, pp. 1828-1832. 

Gold, E., Ross, S., and Earnshaw, K. (2018) The ‘West Yorkshire Regional English Database’: Investigations into the generalizability of reference populations for forensic speaker comparison casework. Proceedings of Interspeech 2018 – 98th Annual Conference of the International Speech Communication Association, September 2-6, Hyderabad, India, pp. 2748-2752.

Earnshaw, K. and Gold, E. (2018) Variation in the FACE vowel across West Yorkshire: Implications for forensic speaker comparisons. Proceedings of Interspeech 2018 – 98th Annual Conference of the International Speech Communication Association, September 2-6, Hyderabad, India, pp. 2743-2747.

Land, E. and Gold, E. (2017) Speaker identification using laughter in a close social network. International Journal of Speech Language and the Law, 24 (2), pp. 201-225.

Gold, E. and McIntyre, D. (2017) ‘What the fuck? Making sense of expletives in The Wire’ Babel: The Language Magazine , 19, pp. 28-31. ISSN 2051-7297

Gold, E., Earnshaw, K. and Ross, S. (2016) ‘An introduction to the West Yorkshire Regional English Database’ Transactions of the Yorkshire Dialect Society . ISSN 0954-6316

Gold, E. and Hughes, V. (2015) ‘Front-end approaches to the issue of correlations in forensic speaker comparison’. In: Proceedings of the 18th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences. : University of Glasgow. . ISBN 978-0-85261-941-4

Gold, E. and Hughes, V. (2014) ‘Issues and opportunities: The application of the numerical likelihood ratio framework to forensic speaker comparison’ Science and Justice , 54 (4), pp. 292-299. ISSN 1355-0306

Aitken, C. and Gold, E. (2013) ‘Evidence evaluation for discrete data’. In: Proceedings of the 59th World Statistics Congress of the International Statistical Institute, 2013. : International Statistical Institute. . ISBN 978-90-73592-34-6

Hughes, V., Brereton, A. and Gold, E. (2013) ‘Reference Sample Size and the Computation of Numerical Likelihood Ratios Using Articulation Rate’ York Papers in Linguistics (13). ISSN 1758-0315

Gold, E., French, P. and Harrison, P. (2013) ‘Clicking behavior as a possible speaker discriminant in English’ Journal of the International Phonetic Association , 43 (3), pp. 339-349. ISSN 0025-1003

Gold, E., French, P. and Harrison, P. (2013) ‘Examining long-term formant distributions as a discriminant in forensic speaker comparisons under a likelihood ratio framework’ Proceedings of Meetings on Acoustics (POMA) , 19 (1), pp. 060041-060041. ISSN 1939-800X

Aitken, C. and Gold, E. (2013) ‘Evidence evaluation for discrete data’ Forensic Science International , 230 (1-3), pp. 147-155. ISSN 0379-0738

Gold, E. and French, P. (2011) ‘An international investigation of forensic speaker comparison practices’. In: 17th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences, 17th-21st August 2011, Hong Kong , pp. 751-754

Gold, E. and French, P. (2011) ‘International Practices in Forensic Speaker Comparison’ International Journal of Speech Language and the Law , 18 (2). ISSN 1748-8885